Let’s face it: We have barely scratched the surface when it comes to analyzing the marijuana plant. As far as the mainstream is concerned, the only compounds that matter are THC and CBD. These are the two most abundant cannabinoids in weed and are the topic of the greatest level of analysis.
Nevertheless, we are undertaking the magnificent plant a grave injustice. It has properly more than 100 cannabinoids and a lot more than 200 terpenes. Published research have indicated that there may perhaps be a lot more than meets the eye with these hidden compounds.
The Phellandrene terpene is a prime instance. It is a lesser-identified terpene that has seldom been researched but could have some genuine health-related advantages. Till marijuana prohibition ends in the United States, even so, it will prove tough to delve deeper into a plant which needs a LOT of investigation.
What Are Terpenes?
You will possibly be shocked to understand that there are more than 20,000 terpenes, and the marijuana plant only includes about 1% of them! Terpenes are what allow us to smell the great aromas of citrus fruits and necessary oils. Marijuana strains with a reasonably higher terpene content material smell and taste superb. Terpenes are even accountable for lavender’s relaxing effects.
According to the ‘entourage impact,’ marijuana’s possible healing effects are as a outcome of the terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids combining. It is now believed that terpenes can lower or intensify the potency of your higher.
In common, marijuana flower includes about 20-30% cannabinoids and significantly less than two% terpenes. Nevertheless, enhanced breeding methods and technological advances imply that some strains can have up to 7% terpenes. It appears that if a plant has a single terpene that comprises at least two% of its total compounds, the influence and flavor will knock your socks off.
If you have performed some detailed analysis, you will have heard of terpenes such as Myrcene, Pinene, Limonene, and Linalool. These terpenes, along with 4 other folks, are typically classified as principal terpenes since they are the most abundant ones in weed.
They are followed by a list of 20+ ‘secondary’ terpenes. These compounds are not properly-researched, but there is some information on them. Phellandrene is a single of the most exciting of these secondary terpenes.
What Can Phellandrene Do for Me?
It is really hard to say due to the lack of analysis. Federal prohibition has clearly impacted research since the organic compounds, alpha-phellandrene, and beta-phellandrene, have been applied in holistic medicine for a extended time and had been officially found more than a century ago. Ahead of their discovery, these compounds had been assumed to be pinene and limonene.
When the compounds had been tested in eucalyptus oil, it was discovered that they comprised a pair of isomeric compounds rather than a single as initially believed. As phellandrene is quick to absorb, it has grow to be a preferred addition to cosmetic solutions, like lots of other terpenes. It may perhaps be ‘mysterious,’ but you can obtain it in necessary oils such as Lavender, Pine, Cinnamon, Dill, Mint, Black Pepper, and Ginger Grass.
The two organic compounds share equivalent chemical properties and molecular structure. They are technically identified as monoterpenes and are ‘double-bond’ isomers. You will obtain alpha-phellandrene primarily in eucalyptus oil whereas beta-phellandrene is isolated from the oils of Canadian balsam and water fennel.
Each compounds are not water-soluble but are miscible. In other words, you can mix them in ether. If you mix them with ether, you can develop one thing equivalent to the colognes and perfumes you buy. Incidentally, you may perhaps be benefitting from phellandrene if you appreciate forest-fresh fragrances. In cuisine, these compounds could function in dill potato salad, cinnamon French toast, or even mint chocolate chip ice-cream.
Phellandrene – The Research
There has been some analysis on the effects of the compound. A study by Tisserand and Young, published in Important Oil Security (Second Edition) in 2014, investigated the effects of alpha-phellandrene. The researchers found that the compound helped to lower discomfort sensitivity and improved power levels.
Nevertheless, it also discovered that it could lead to adverse skin reactions in specific scenarios. For instance, undiluted alpha-phellandrene was ‘moderately irritating’ to rabbit skin. At a concentration of eight%, it was not sensitizing while it made a single reaction at a four% concentration in 25 volunteers. Also, a five% concentration was sensitizing to four out of 11 sufferers with dermatitis.
A 2015 study by Piccinelli et al., published in Nutritional Neuroscience, looked at the antidepressive and antihyperalgesic actions of alpha-phellandrene and limonene. The study tested the compounds on rodents and discovered that when they had been combined, the terpenes made the preferred properties. Nevertheless, the group did not figure out whether or not phellandrene would show the very same traits by itself.
A study by Shu-Ling Hsieh et al., published in Taylor & Francis On-line, in July 2014, researched alpha-phellandrene’s effects on liver tumor cell death. It recommended that the terpene may perhaps have possible anti-cancer properties.
As an aside, it appears as if phellandrene could have advantages as a fungicide. A 2017 study by Ji-hong Zhang, published in Botanical Research, measured the capability of alpha-phellandrene to inhibit the development of fungus on post-harvest tomatoes and other plants. It transpired that the terpene showed an capability to handle the Penicillium cyclopium fungus in the tomatoes.
The most important situation is that the research in query had been either performed on rodents, or in incredibly tiny sample groups. The other issue is that phellandrene is not obtainable in big concentrations in any marijuana strain. It has been discovered in strains such as SAGE, Ace of Spades, Jack Herer, and Trainwreck, but only in incredibly tiny quantities.
Study to date has not discovered proof of phellandrene offering advantageous effects primarily based on the tiny amounts discovered in many weed strains.
Final Thoughts on Phellandrene & Terpenes
Phellandrene could have therapeutic possible, but analysis is restricted. Even if it turns out to be a advantageous terpene, it is discovered in quantities so tiny that it is unlikely to have an impact. If this appears like a issue, modern day breeders and scientists have possibly discovered a answer. These in the sector who think in the energy of terpenes say it is crucial to concentrate on maximizing terpene content material post-harvest rather than settling for a higher THC or CBD level.
At present, there are vaporizer corporations promoting e-liquids with 20% terpenes, 40% THC, and 40% CBD. If it is conclusively found that phellandrene, or any other terpene for that matter, is very advantageous, you can bet that some organization will be promoting higher-Phellandrene solutions!
Although there are currently thousands of marijuana strains, lots of of them concentrate on THC or CBD. In the future, it appears probably that a slight shift towards terpenes will be created. If terpenes are the way forward, savvy cannapreneurs will obtain a way to bring them to the public in higher quantities.